International Cooperation

International Cooperation

The Ministry is working in partnership with bilateral and multilateral organizations for improving wetlands management in India. International co-operation projects help strengthen capacities and institutional framework for wetlands’ management, monitoring as well as effective implementation of the National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems (NPCA).

International Cooperation wet
International Cooperation unl

Commissioned by:Global Environment Facility (GEF)

National Executing Agency:Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC)

Implementing Agency:United Nations Environment Programme

Lead Technical Support Agency:Wetlands International South Asia

Duration:60 Months


The project objective is to “enhance management effectiveness of wetlands of national and global significance and integration in developmental programming”.


The Integrated Management of Wetland Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Project (IMWBES) is a Full-Scale Project funded under the Global Environment Facility (GEF). The project has been approved under Star 5 allocations to India. The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is the national executive agency of the project and its National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems (NPCA) is complemented by the GEF investment. The UN Environment Programme is the designated GEF Agency for the project.

The IMWBES project has a goal of “conservation and wise use of wetlands for sustained provision of their full range of ecosystem services and maintenance of biological diversity.” The project is organised into four components aimed at addressing the knowledge, capacity and institutional barriers limiting effectiveness of wetland management.


Project Brochure

Ramsar Convention:

India became a party to the Convention on Wetlands, known as the Ramsar Convention on 1st February 1982. As a contracting party, India is committed to designate Ramsar sites and promote wise use of wetlands.

Wetlands are the only ecosystem to have a dedicated multilateral environmental agreement of their own. The ‘Convention on Wetlands’, signed in Ramsar, Iran in 1971 is an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources.

The Convention’s mission is ‘the conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local and national actions and international cooperation, as a contribution towards achieving sustainable development throughout the world’.

Under the “three pillars” of the Convention, the Contracting Parties commit to:

  • Work towards the wise use of all their wetlands.
  • Designate suitable wetlands for the list of Wetlands of International Importance (the “Ramsar List”) and ensure their effective management.
  • Co-operate internationally on trans-boundary wetlands, shared wetland systems and shared species.

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